View of the Indian Village on the River St. John above Fredericton

Painting of the Indian Village on the River St. John above Fredericton

View of the Indian Village on the River St. John above Fredericton
(watercolor over pencil)
Captain John Campbell
February 1832
© Library and Archives Canada
Accession no. 1990-497-1

Captain John Campbell served in many parts of the British Empire, including India, Burma, the West Indies, the Mediterranean, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Like many of his fellow officers, he took an interest in Aboriginal people who lived in the boundaries of Britain’s empire. Convinced that Aboriginals and their culture would soon “die out,” European artists, like Campbell, were determined to document their “traditional life” before it was too late. During the six years he spent in New Brunswick, Campbell did just this in a series of watercolors depicting Maliseet people. This painting portrays a Maliseet winter camp, possibly at Kingsclear.